Kölsch

Kölsch is warm-fermented and aged at cold temperatures (German ale or alt-style beer). Kölsch is characterized by a golden to straw color and is slightly dry and sometimes, but not always, subtly sweet. A light fruitiness may be apparent, but is not necessary for this style. Caramel character should not be evident. The body is light to medium-light. This beer has low hop flavor and aroma with medium bitterness. Wheat can be used in brewing this beer that is fermented using ale yeast, though lager yeast is sometimes used in the bottle or final cold conditioning process. Fruity esters should be minimally perceived, if at all. Chill haze should be absent.

Ingredients:

  • 1/2 pound Munich malt

  • 1/2 pound 20ºL German crystal malt

  • 6 pounds extra light DME

  • 2 ounces Tettnanger hops

  • 1 teaspoon Irish moss

  • Wyeast 1007 German ale yeast

  • 3/4 cup corn sugar

Instructions:

  1. Place the crushed specialty grains in a nylon hop bag and steep them in 1 gallon of preheated 150º water for 30 minutes.

  2. Drain and discard the spent grains.

  3. Bring at least 3 gallons of liquor to a boil, remove the brew kettle from the heat source then stir in the extract and the hops.

  4. Return the brew kettle to the heat source and boil for 45 minutes, then add the Irish moss.

  5. Boil for an additional 15 minutes, then remove the brew kettle from the heat source, cover it and drop the temperature of the wort as quickly as possible to 77º F.

  6. Once the wort has cooled to below 77º F, take an original gravity reading, pour the wort into a primary fermenter through a funnel with a strainer and add enough cool water to create 5 gallons.

  7. Once the wort has been transferred to the primary fermenter, pitch the yeast, stir the wort vigorously, seal the fermenter with an airlock and ferment at approximately 68-72º F for 2 weeks.

  8. Rack the beer to a secondary fermenter and allow the beer to finish fermentation.

  9. Once fermentation is complete, rack the beer to a bottling bucket, prime with the corn sugar and bottle and condition as usual.

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